Tashkent_StationNia S. Amira
[email protected]

On 23-24 June 2016, a meeting of the Council of Heads of Member States of the Shanghai Coopera­tion Organization under the Presi­dency of Uzbekistan took place at the Kuk­saroy residence.

Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Cas­pian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north. It is also sometimes referred to as Middle Asia, and, colloquially, “the ‘stans” (as the six countries generally considered to be within the region all have names end­ing with the Persian suffix “-stan”, meaning “land of”) and is within the scope of the wider Eurasian continent.

Central Asia has a strategic location and has great power in nation. The population of the five republics of the former Soviet Union contributes the power of human resources in the region namely: Kazakhstan (17 mil­lion), Kyrgyzstan (5.7 million), Tajikistan (8 million), Turkmenistan (5.2 million), and Uzbekistan (30 million), a total population of about 66 million as of 2013–2014. Afghani­stan with its population of 31.1 million is also sometimes included.

It was on 15 June 2001, The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was estab­lished in Shanghai based on the Declara­tion on establishing the SCO, signed by the “stans” namely Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, also China and Rus­sia. The main goals and tasks of the organi­zation were defined as consolidating mutual trust, friendship and good neighborhood, development of cooperation in political, trade-economic, scientific-technical, cultur­al-humanitarian, power energy, transport and other spheres, ensuring peace, security and stability in the region.

The 2016 SCO summit started with a meeting of the Heads of member-states of the SCO in a narrow format. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov chaired the meeting which was attended by President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Peo­ple’s Republic of China Xi Jinping, President of the Kyrgyz Republic Almazbek Atam­bayev, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon.

The issues of further developing trade-economic partnership among the member-states of the Shanghai Cooperation Or­ganization, enhancing the SCO activities, strengthening regional security and stabil­ity, fight against terrorism, religious extrem­ism and separatism were discussed at the meeting.

The SCO Charter provides that member-states comply with the principles of respect for independence, territorial integrity and inviolability of borders, equality, mutual understanding, non-interference in inter­nal affairs, non-use of force in international relations and settling disputes peacefully. SCO, as an authoritative intergovernmental organization, has a strong place in the inter­national arena, it has become an effective mechanism of multilateral cooperation.

Uzbekistan, as one of the founding states, having a huge economic and geopo­litical potential, plays a special role in its ac­tivities. Uzbekistan considers the SCO as an important means of developing trade and economic ties, cultural and humanitarian cooperation as well as strengthening region­al security, fight against terrorism, extrem­ism, drug trafficking and weapons.

BACA JUGA :  Asosiasi Lawyer Muslim Indonesia Kembali Laporkan  Rebecca Klopper atas Dugaan Video Asusila

This is the third time Uzbekistan has chaired in the Shanghai Cooperation Orga­nization, before lead the SCO in 2003-2004 and 2009-2010. During its first presidency in the SCO, Uzbekistan enriched the organi­zation with substance; with the frameworks of the summit in Tashkent on 17 June 2004, The Executive Committee of the Regional Antiterrorist Structure was established. The regular meetings of Secretaries of Security Councils have been launched.

At the summit in 2004 the Convention on the powers and immunities of the SCO, the Agreement on cooperation in combat­ing illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Pakistan, India, Iran and Mongolia were present as the ob­server. At the initiative of President Islam Karimov the President of Afghanistan was invited as a guest for the first time to the summit and later on, Afghanistan received its status of observer. The Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan have obtained the SCO member state status at the Tashkent summit and it was an important stage in the process of expanding the SCO.

The second presidency of Uzbekistan also raised the activity of the SCO to the next level. During his visit to Uzbekistan in April 2010, Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon signed a Joint Decla­ration on Cooperation between the Secre­tariats of the SCO and the United Nations, which served as the basis for the relation­ship of the SCO with this global structure.

During the Tashkent summit, held on 11 June 2010, important documents – SCO Rules of Procedure and the Regulations on the procedure for admitting new members to the SCO were adopted.

On July 11, 2015 the presidency in the organization was passed to the Republic of Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan along with Member States, has carried out significant work on expansion of cooperation to be better coor­dination of relationships, strengthening the role of the organization in the international arena.

Uzbekistan paid special attention to im­proving the efficiency of the organization through the development of international relations of the SCO. The Heads of State dis­cussed the main results of the 15 years-long activity of the SCO.

At the meeting it was stressed that in­ternational terrorism, extremism and their other manifestations are now a growing threat for all countries of the world and the intention of the SCO summit is also to coun­ter these challenges only by strengthening the joint cooperation and consolidation of efforts of the world community.

In accordance with the provisions of the Charter and other documents of the SCO, the means of delivery of the develop­ment and implementation of measures will continue to be a priority area of interaction within the organization.

The need to intensify joint ef for t s to create a safe, fair and open information space, rely­ing on the principles of cooperation and respect for national sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries was underlined.

BACA JUGA :  Resep Membuat Terik Tempe, Menu Simple khas Jawa dengan Bumbu Meresap yang Enak

Particular attention was paid to exchanging experi­ence on effectively counter­ing a slowdown of the economy, introduc­tion of innovative technologies, formation of a favorable investment and business cli­mate, implementation of long-term mutu­ally beneficial projects in the priority areas of cooperation and infrastructure develop­ment as well as to develop cooperation in transport communications, energy, culture and other areas.

The heads of delegations of the SCO ob­server states – President of the Islamic Re­public of Afghanistan Ashraf Gani, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, Prime Minister of the Republic of India Narendra Modi, President of Mongolia Tsakhiagiin El­begdorj, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain, Minister of For­eign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran Dr. Mohammad Javad Zarif and the guest of the presiding state – President of Turkmeni­stan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov also at­tended the extended meeting of the SCO summit.

UN Under-Secretary-General Jeffrey Felt­man, Chairman of the Executive Committee – Executive Secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States Sergey Lebedev, Sec­retary General of the Collective Security Treaty Organization Nikolay Bordyuzha, ASEAN Secretary-General Le Luong Minh and Executive Director of the Secretariat of Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building measures in Asia Gong Jianwei were also present.

The Heads of State welcomed the sign­ing of memoranda on granting the SCO Dialogue Partner status to the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia and Nepal.

Following the summit meeting, the Tashkent Declaration of the Fifteenth An­niversary of the SCO, the Action Plan 2016- 2020 for the implementation of the SCO De­velopment Strategy towards 2025, Program on Development of Cooperation of the SCO Member States in the Sphere of Tourism and other documents were signed.

Republic of Uzbekistan gained high ap­preciation during its presidency in the SCO. President Islam Karimov pointed out in front of the media that the meeting was held in the spirit of mutual trust and respect, the reached agreements and will serve the inter­ests of the SCO member states and observer countries.

SCO Secretary-General Rashid Alimov emphasized the historical importance of Uz­bekistan’s presidency in the organization, high level of organization of all activities in the framework of its presidency and the SCO Tashkent summit as a whole. He expressed his sincere gratitude to the people and lead­ership of Uzbekistan.

The Tashkent SCO summit concluded its work. Surely, it takes a special place in the history of the SCO as a summit at which im­portant agreements were reached in order to enhance the efficiency of the organiza­tion, promoting regional cooperation and strengthening security. The Republic of Ka­zakhstan shall take over the presidency in the Organization for the upcoming period.

Bagi Halaman