Nia S. Amira
Located about 60 km south of Jakarta, Bogor is one of the cities in West Java Province, Indonesia. With an area of 21.56 km2 and 834 000 inhabitants (based on 2003 census), it is actually not as dense city like Depok that is also part of West Java region.
In their beautiful clothes and laces, the young Dutch couples heading to Bogor by their cars and with the pretty lace umbrella, the visitors mostly those who work for the Netherland’s company, those attractive girls tighten their hands onto their pretty lacy umbrella. Together with his partner who is also a well-dressed, they enjoy Bogor Botanical Gardens with a picnic together.
Every June 3, the society in Bogor commemore the anniversary of the city which used to be the territory of King Siliwangi, then the entire community welcomed the celebration of the city with great joy, because they feel proud to have an ancestor who was respected by all people in Indonesia. Regarding the history of Prabu Siliwangi when he disappeared, it is believed to be appropriate at the Jagatkarta Hindu temple located at very high altitude and with Mount Salak as the background and as the personification of Mahameru in India, a perfect area for Gods and Goddesse residing
About six rivers flow the city with the surface water far below the plateau’s surface, like Sungai Ciliwung, Cisadane, Cipakancilan, Cidepit, Ciparigi, and Cibalok. With such topography, Bogor city is relatively safe from natural flood danger.
Since 19th century, the city of Bogor had been using as a center of education and national agricultural research and from this stand forerunner to various institutions and centers of agricultural and biological research, one of which is IPB or Bogor Agricultural Institute, established since the early 20th century.
Bogor is situated at the slopes of Mount Salak and Mount Gede so it is very rich in orografi rain. Its geographical location which is just in the middle of Bogor Regency and relatively close to the administrative center of the state capital, making Bogor, now dubbed as city’s of one million mini taxi in the strategic development and economic growth activities.
Botanical Garden and The Palace of President in Bogor become the city’s landmark which are decorated by its old buildings from the colonial period and maintained in very good and now become an interesting and favorite tourism objects to visit.
The history of Bogor which is known as the territorial of King Siliwangi is where the first Hindu Kingdom was established in Indonesia at the 5th century and well-known as the Hindu Kingdom of Tarumanegara.
The findings of such inscriptions of the previous history of the hindu kingdoms, one of which is the inscription from 1533 that tells the suzerainty of King Surawisesa of Pajajaran Kingdom as one of the most influential kingdom in Java. This inscription is believed to have supernatural powers, sacred and preserved until now.
Pakuan is the capital of the Kingdom of Pajajaran and is believed to be located in the city of Bogor, and was the center of government Prabu Siliwangi (Sri Baduga Maharaja Ratu Haji I Pakuan Pajajaran) who was crowned on June 3, 1482.
After the invasion of Banten army, the record regarding Pakuan City was lost, and only found again by the Dutch expedition team led by Scipio and Riebeck in 1687. They were doing the research on Batutulis inscription and several other sites, and concluded that the center government of the Kingdom Pajajaran is located in the city of Bogor.
In 1745, Van Imhoff, The Governor-General at that time built a very beautiful Governor’s Palace is very beautiful and well maintained and today is known as the Bogor Palace of The Presidential Palace of Bogor. Due to its land’s structure high enough above sea level, the Dutch ruler that time gave a name to this beautiful city as Buitenzorg used to designate Puncak area, Telaga Warna, Megamendung, Ciliwung, Muara Cihideung, up to the summit of Mount. Salak and Mount Gede that have many beautiful waterfalls such as those in Ciapus and the surrounding area.
It feels it will never be enough to write all the things of city’s belong that is now filled with rows of five-star hotels, factory outlets, cafes and food centers that make Bogor also be an alternative choice vacation place closest to capital and now there are many educational tourism places for families can be found like Taman Safari Park, Taman Mataharin, outbound activities in Curug Nangka, The Jungle and many others.
Come to Bogor, and have an overnight dream and you will feel a dream last night was not satisfying your desire to fulfill all your desire and to see from the near by what is in this beautiful old city.