A9-1-7-2016-ArtNia S. Amira
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In Hebrew, Al Quds called as Yerusha­layim while in Arabic called Al-Quds or Bait-ul-Muqaddas, meaning “The Holy City/Home” located on a pla­teau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world. In the ancient cuneiform, Jerusalem was called “Urusalima”, meaning “The City of Peace”, during the early Canaanite period approximately 2400 BC. It is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic reli­gions—Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jeru­salem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized inter­nationally.

In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. In Is­lamic tradition in 610 CE it became the first qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (salat) and Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran. As a result, despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometres (0.35 sq mi), the Old City is home to many sites of seminal religious importance, among them the Temple Mount and its Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock, the Garden Tomb and al-Aqsa Mosque.

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As a comprehensive way of life, Islam encompasses a complete moral system that is an important aspect of its worldview. Is­lam’s moral system is striking in that it not only defines morality, but also guides the human race in how to achieve it, at both an individual as well as a collective level. From an Islamic perspective, the purpose of human life is to worship God, by lead­ing this worldly life in harmony with the di­vine will, and thereby achieve peace in this world, and everlasting success in the life of the hereafter. Muslims look to the glorious Quran and the traditions of the Prophet as their moral guides.

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It was by Rouhullah Al-Mousawi Ali Khomeini on August 7, 1979 made in first Iranian history as he marked Quds Days as the time to deliver Du’a to the Palestinians.

“I invite Muslims all over the globe to consecrate the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan-which & Istri a day of fate and which the fate of the Palestinian people might be determined-as “Quds Day and to proclaim the international solidar­ity of Muslims in support of the ligitimate rights of the Muslim people of Palestine.